Home General Gardening Crops That Don’t Need Sunlight – The Green Gardening

Crops That Don’t Need Sunlight – The Green Gardening

Crops that don't need sunlight

Sunlight is the basic element for the growth of plants. The sun not only helps plants grow, but it also has important nutritional qualities as well. For crops, the sun is crucial to their growth.

Because of the sun, plants need to have a dense canopy to protect them from the sun’s rays and also to keep the soil cool. To grow a plant, you shouldn’t just put it in the middle of the growing season.

Place them in different locations, shaded locations, and so on. There are many plants that do not need sunlight, they can survive in the greenhouse, or even mylar can grow.

There are some crops though that are not suitable for outdoor growing, although crops are not obligate herbivores, they are very dependent on sunlight. Without the natural sunlight that the Earth receives, many plants will not survive.

For example, many crops, including corn, are exposed to very little direct sunlight.

This lack of sunlight can be detrimental to the growth of the crop, so it stands to reason that crops should be exposed to sunlight. Many plants are not able to survive without sunlight for any amount of time.

This is due to the fact that plants are made up of thousands of tiny, microscopic cells. What sunlight can do for them is to “feed” the cells. Some vegetables and crops can grow in partial shade and you can grow them easily in your garden where there is no direct sunlight. 

Understanding Sun Exposure

Three basic sunlight conditions used to describe the amount of sun during the prime-growing season.

Full Sun

A full sun area receives direct sunlight for 6 and more hours between 10 am and 6 pm when the sunlight is at its peak. During winters when the sunlight strength becomes weak the plants need 8 and more hours sunlight per day.

Partial Shade

Partial sunlight for crops is a survival strategy that’s used to combat the types of sun that can be harmful to crops. Partial sunlight means that crops are exposed to only part of the sun’s rays.

Partial sunlight is usually achieved by placing crops in partial shade or by planting crops in areas that receive only about 60 percent of the sun’s rays. Partial sun areas get 3-6 hours of direct sunlight and are shaded the rest of the day.

Full Shade

In full shade plants do not receive direct sunlight. The areas with deep shade are not good for growing plants or vegetables. Almost all types of plants mend some sunlight for growth.

Here are some vegetables that can grow in partial shade.


Beets grow without sunlight. This doesn’t necessarily mean that the beet leaves have no place in your garden. In fact, a good beet gardener will look for areas of the garden that do not receive a lot of sunlight.

This is because their roots are in the dark, and they don’t need sunlight to be able to grow. You can grow them in a pot under a lamp or under a fluorescent light. With plenty of water, the beets plant will produce e delicious beets.


Broccoli doesn’t need sunlight for it to grow. It can grow in dark places like caves, but broccoli is actually very adaptable to any environment. It grows without sunlight, but only because it has the right genes.

Broccoli is an example of a plant that has developed many adaptations for survival. It’s very possible for broccoli and other vegetables to be grown in areas where sunlight is not available.

It’s important to understand that it’s not always possible to grow broccoli without sunlight, broccoli grows well in full sunlight but can be grown in partial shade.

If you want to grow better broccoli in partial shade, sufficient water and rich organic matter soil will give you best results.


When it comes to growing pea plants in a container, don’t just let the soil dry out. If you have a lot of rainfall or a lot of sunlight, then you can grow peas without having to be outside.

Just making sure that your soil is well-drained and hydrated is enough to ensure that your pea plants grow well. Pees love cooler conditions so should be planted early in the season.

Brussels sprouts

Brussels sprouts are a very small, fast growing tree that needs to be grown in proper soil conditions. They can be grown in any kind of garden, but they are most commonly grown in shade gardens due to their small size. It is ideal to grow in the cold season.


Cauliflower enjoys a climate as cool as broccoli. It has white flower buds. Cauliflower can grow in the shade, but it is sensitive to temperature changes.


Turnip is also a cooler temperature vegetable. A little shade is enough to grow this plant. The best time to grow turnips is spring and fall. The growing season of this vegetable is approximately 2 months and after that you can enjoy your vegetable.


Carrot is a root vegetable so it can easily grow in partial shade. Carrots love cooler temperatures so partial shade is beneficial for it. There are many types of carrot grown in many colors, maturity time and shapes.

Also Read: How To Grow Carrots In a Pot


Parsnip is just like carrots but sweet in taste. When it comes to partial shade just like carrots, parsnips are also grown well. When temperature drops, parsnips are left in the ground.


Rutabaga resembles a giant turnip. Just like other vegetables rutabaga also takes time to grow when planted in shade. It is also a root vegetable so can grow in shade.


Garlic is known as a basic ingredient to cook any vegetable or food. Some varieties of garlic are better grown in cooler temperatures. Garlic does not need high sunlight but you need to provide rich, well-drained soil to flourish garlic.


Rhubarb is a cool season vegetable. Rhubarb does not need much care and once planted it will produce harvest each spring. It can be grown from full sun to partial shade.


Celery is a cool season but a slow growing crop. Celery produces shorter and thinner stalks when grown in partial shade. You should start seed transplants in spring.


Tomatoes are considered “hard” vegetables, and can’t get enough sunlight to get any good nutrition. In order to get the most out of your tomatoes, they need to be grown in a location with a high amount of sunlight.

Some of the most common places to grow tomatoes are in a greenhouse, a window box, or a sun or fluorescent light fixture.

Check this out: Best Soil For Tomato Plants


Kale is a cool season crop that makes it a great crop for fall. Growing kale in partial shade will produce all season long leafy greens. The crop will be ready to harvest in 60 days.

  • You can use an area of garden that is not used due to the lack of sunlight.
  • You can grow crops even in winters when sunlight is not more powerful.
  • These vegetables do not need much care.
  • You can plant the crops in your house in a pot.
  • Also, you can enjoy growing your own vegetables.
  • You can plant vegetables on a budget and do not need to invest much money.
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